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stristr

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

stristrCase-insensitive strstr()

Descrierea

mixed stristr ( string $haystack , mixed $needle [, bool $before_needle = false ] )

Returns all of haystack starting from and including the first occurrence of needle to the end.

Parametri

haystack

The string to search in

needle

If needle is not a string, it is converted to an integer and applied as the ordinal value of a character.

before_needle

If TRUE, stristr() returns the part of the haystack before the first occurrence of the needle (excluding needle).

needle and haystack are examined in a case-insensitive manner.

Valorile întoarse

Returns the matched substring. If needle is not found, returns FALSE.

Istoricul schimbărilor

Versiune Descriere
5.3.0 Added the optional parameter before_needle.
4.3.0 stristr() was made binary safe.

Exemple

Example #1 stristr() example

<?php
  $email 
'USER@EXAMPLE.com';
  echo 
stristr($email'e'); // outputs ER@EXAMPLE.com
  
echo stristr($email'e'true); // As of PHP 5.3.0, outputs US
?>

Example #2 Testing if a string is found or not

<?php
  $string 
'Hello World!';
  if(
stristr($string'earth') === FALSE) {
    echo 
'"earth" not found in string';
  }
// outputs: "earth" not found in string
?>

Example #3 Using a non "string" needle

<?php
  $string 
'APPLE';
  echo 
stristr($string97); // 97 = lowercase a
// outputs: APPLE
?>

Note

Notă: Această funcție acceptă și date binare.

A se vedea și

  • strstr() - Find the first occurrence of a string
  • strrchr() - Find the last occurrence of a character in a string
  • stripos() - Find the position of the first occurrence of a case-insensitive substring in a string
  • strpbrk() - Search a string for any of a set of characters
  • preg_match() - Perform a regular expression match

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 8 notes

up
14
dpatton.at.confluence.org
15 years ago
There was a change in PHP 4.2.3 that can cause a warning message
to be generated when using stristr(), even though no message was
generated in older versions of PHP.

The following will generate a warning message in 4.0.6 and 4.2.3:
  stristr("haystack", "");
     OR
  $needle = "";  stristr("haystack", $needle);

This will _not_ generate an "Empty Delimiter" warning message in
4.0.6, but _will_ in 4.2.3:
  unset($needle); stristr("haystack", $needle);

Here's a URL that documents what was changed:
http://groups.google.ca/groups?selm=cvshholzgra1031224321%40cvsserver
up
2
giz at gbdesign dot net
10 years ago
Just been caught out by stristr trying to converting the needle from an Int to an ASCII value.

Got round this by casting the value to a string.

<?php
if( !stristr( $file, (string) $myCustomer->getCustomerID()  ) ) {
 
// Permission denied
}
?>
up
4
Techdeck at Techdeck dot org
15 years ago
An example for the stristr() function:

<?php
$a
= "I like php";
if (
stristr("$a", "LikE PhP")) {
print (
"According to \$a, you like PHP.");
}
?>

It will look in $a for "like php" (NOT case sensetive. though, strstr() is case-sensetive).

For the ones of you who uses linux.. It is similiar to the "grep" command.
Actually.. "grep -i".
up
-4
jukka
3 years ago
I think there is a bug in php 5.3 in stristr with uppercase Ä containing other character

http://pastebin.com/5bP6uztY

if you search only with täry it works, but as soon as the word is tärylä  it does not. TÄRYL works fine
up
-6
notepad at codewalkers dot com
12 years ago
<?php

function stristr_reverse($haystack, $needle) {
 
$pos = stripos($haystack, $needle) + strlen($needle);
  return
substr($haystack, 0, $pos);
}
$email = 'USER@EXAMPLE.com';
echo
stristr_reverse($email, 'er');
// outputs USER

?>
up
-5
art at awilton dot dotcom
12 years ago
handy little bit of code I wrote to take arguments from the command line and parse them for use in my apps.

<?php

$i
= implode(" ",$argv); //implode all the settings sent via clie
$e = explode("-",$i); // no lets explode it using our defined seperator '-'

       //now lets parse the array and return the parameter name and its setting
       // since the input is being sent by the user via the command line
       //we will use stristr since we don't care about case sensitivity and
       //will convert them as needed later.

   
while (list($index,$value) = each($e)){

      
//lets grap the parameter name first using a double reverse string
       // to get the begining of the string in the array then reverse it again
       // to set it back. we will also "trim" off the "=" sign

    
$param = rtrim(strrev(stristr(strrev($value),'=')),"=");

      
//now lets get what the parameter is set to.
       // again "trimming" off the = sign

    
$setting = ltrim(stristr($value,'='),"=");

      
// now do something with our results.
       // let's just echo them out so we can see that everything is working

     
echo "Array index is ".$index." and value is ".$value."\r\n";
      echo
"Parameter is ".$param." and is set to ".$setting."\r\n\r\n";

}

?>

when run from the CLI this script returns the following.

[root@fedora4 ~]# php a.php -val1=one -val2=two -val3=three

Array index is 0 and value is a.php
Parameter is  and is set to

Array index is 1 and value is val1=one
Parameter is val1 and is set to one

Array index is 2 and value is val2=two
Parameter is val2 and is set to two

Array index is 3 and value is val3=three
Parameter is val3 and is set to three

[root@fedora4 ~]#
up
-11
tomas dot nesrovnal at yourspirit dot cz
8 years ago
Active item item in menu:

<?php
function aim($page) {
    if(
stristr($_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'], $page)) {
        return
' class="active"';
    }
}
?>

usage:

<style type="text/css">
.active {color: red;}
</style>

<?php
print '<a href="http://example.com/page/hello-world/"'. aim('hello-world') .'>HW</a>';
?>
up
-11
greg at no_ggmac_reply dot com
6 years ago
Beware the example given here:

if stristr($message,'viagra')
or stristr($message,'cialis')
)
{
die();
}

stristr does not search for words, it finds matching substrings.  So, for example, the check for 'cialis' will trigger on 'specialist'
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